Ephat Mujuru was one of the few traditional musicians to use his music to speak out against the oppressive colonization of Zimbabwe. His politically charged tune "Guruswa" (translated: Ancient Africa) was a massive hit in his homeland during the 1970s. In a interview, Mujuru explained, "[the song] was talking about our struggle to free ourselves." A master of the mbira, a xylophone-like instrument, Mujuru was taught to play the instrument by his grandfather, Muchatera Mujuru, at the age of seven. Within three years, he was playing well enough to perform at his first possession ceremony. By the age of 14, he had formed a band, Chaminuka, and had begun touring throughout Southern Africa. The group was renamed Spirit of the People following Zimbabwe's gaining independence in 1980. The following year, Mujuru and the group released their debut album. Mujuru continued to make his presence felt. In addition to helping to found the National Dance Company of Zimbabwe, he became the first African music teacher at the Zimbabwean College of Music.